|The technological singularity is a hypothetical event related to the advent of genuine artificial general intelligence. Such a computer, computer network, or robot would theoretically be capable of recursive self-improvement (redesigning itself), or of designing and building computers or robots better than itself on its own.|
Repetitions of this cycle would likely result in a runaway effect, where smart machines design successive generations of increasingly powerful machines, creating intelligence far exceeding human intellectual capacity and control. Because the capabilities of such a superintelligence may be impossible to comprehend, the technological singularity is the point beyond which events may become unfathomable to human intelligence.
| Although technological progress has been accelerating, it has been limited by the basic intelligence of the human brain, which has not changed significantly for millennia.|
With the increasing power of computer technologies, it might eventually be possible to build a machine that is more intelligent than humanity. If a superhuman intelligence were to be invented, it might be able to bring to bear greater problem-solving and inventive skills than humans are capable of. It might then design an even more capable machine. This more capable machine could then go on to design a machine of even greater capability. This recursive self-improvement could accelerate, potentially allowing enormous qualitative change before any upper limits imposed by the laws of physics or theoretical computation are reached.
|The exponential growth in computing technology suggested by Moore's Law is commonly cited as a reason to expect a singularity in the relatively near future.|
Moore's law is the observation that the number of transistors in a dense integrated circuit doubles approximately every two years.