Friday, July 29, 2016

World's Most Expensive Tropical Fish

Clarion Angelfish are named after a small island off the coast of Mexico and cost around $2,500. Owning one requires a special permit from the government of Mexico.

Wrought Iron Butterflyfish hail from Japan and cost something around $2,700.
Australian Flathead Perch are rare and expensive. $ 5,000.

Neptune Grouper are extremely difficult to catch and bring to the the surface. $ 6,000
Golden Basslet. This fish is found (rarely) in even deeper water. It costs around $8,000.

Bladefin Basslet can reach prices of $10,000.
Masked Angelfish. Found in the Hawaiian Islands, this fish is known to cost around $20,000

Tiger Angelfish are found around South Africa and is a very rare fish $ 20,000
Peppermint Angelfish are found in the eastern-central Pacific around the Cook Islands and Rarotonga. It is a shy species. $ 30,000.

Freshwater Polka Dot Stingray. This type of stingray has a rare genetic mutation that makes its head shaped like a U instead of a round shape. Because of this the fish has to be fed by hand to survive. $ 100,000
Platinum Arowana. The fish is an Osteoglossum species from South America. Unlike most Osteoglossum, this mutant is white with virtually no other colours present. It was recently offered for sale to prospective buyers for more than £200,000

Air Canada - AC.t

Air Canada - AC.t is the flag carrier and largest airline in Canada. The airline, founded in 1936, provides scheduled and charter air transport for over 38 million passengers annually and provides direct passenger service to more than 190 destinations on five continents.

It is the world's ninth-largest passenger airline by number of destinations. Air Canada had passenger revenues of $13.8 billion in 2015.

On July 29, 2016 the company released News

Air Canada Reports Second Quarter 2016 Results

•Record second quarter EBITDAR of $605 million
•Operating income of $277 million
•Air Canada continues to expect full year 2016 EBITDAR to increase 4 to 8 per cent from record full year 2015 EBITDAR

MONTRÉAL, July 29, 2016 /CNW Telbec/ - Air Canada today reported record second quarter 2016 EBITDAR(1) (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and aircraft rent) of $605 million compared to the previous record EBITDAR of $591 million in the same quarter in 2015. EBITDAR in the second quarter of 2015 included a special item which improved EBITDAR by $23 million. Air Canada recorded adjusted net income(1) of $203 million or $0.72 per diluted share compared to adjusted net income of $250 million or $0.85 per diluted share in the second quarter of 2015. On a GAAP basis, Air Canada reported net income of $186 million or $0.66 per diluted share in the second quarter of 2016 compared to net income of $296 million or $1.00 per diluted share in the second quarter of 2015.

Tuesday, July 26, 2016

Treasures of the Atocha at Auction

A gold chalice from the Margarita was the top selling lot, fetching $413,000.
A collection of shipwrecked 17th and 18th century Spanish treasure discovered off the coast of Florida has sold in New York for about $2m.

US treasure hunter Mel Fisher was most famous for discovering the shipwrecked Spanish galleon Nuestra Senora de Atocha, which went down in a hurricane in 1622, laden with new world riches.

A gold crucifix with inlaid Colombian emerald jewels went for $119,000.
After searching for some 16 years, treasure hunter Mel Fisher unearthed the treasures of Atocha near the Florida Keys in 1985. 40 items from the impressive cache went up for auction in New York City on August 5, 2015.

A gold bar from the Atocha made $93,750.

The golden spoon was thought to be used by priests during Communion to convert South American natives. $62,000.

The haul includes two spectacular gold chains, one called a 'money chain'. Fisher wore it on the 'Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson' soon after the ship's discovery.

In the Colonial era, the Spanish king placed a 20 percent tariff on gold bullion called the Royal Fifth. But if the gold was turned into jewelry, the tax was forgiven. Each link of the 'money chain' is of equal size and weight and could be twisted off and used as formal currency.
Also sold was a Bezoar Stone, which was believed to remove poisons and toxins from liquids. The pendant, about the size of an egg, is encased in a gold mounting with four arms grasping the stone.

A magnificent emerald jewel from the lost Atocha. It made $ 410,000 in 2013

The Guernsey's sale also will offer about 100 silver coins from the Atocha sister ship, the Santa Margarita, ranging from $1,000 and up.

Thursday, July 21, 2016

Tungsten Carbide Jewelry

Tungsten carbide is a chemical compound containing equal parts of tungsten and carbon atoms. In its most basic form, tungsten carbide is a fine gray powder, but it can be pressed and formed into shapes for use in industrial machinery, cutting tools, abrasives, armor-piercing rounds, other tools and instruments, and jewelry.

Tungsten carbide is about two times stiffer than steel, and is much denser than steel or titanium. It is comparable with corundum in hardness and can only be polished and finished with abrasives of superior hardness such as cubic boron nitride and diamond powder, wheels, and compounds.
Tungsten Carbide is the hardest material next to diamond. It cannot be scratched except with a diamond.

Tungsten carbide rings are not made of pure tungsten ore. The tungsten ore is mixed with various binders – such as nickel and sinter – at high temperatures to create a ceramic. Not every tungsten ring advertised is tungsten carbide. There are manufacturers making rings out of tungsten alloy, a soft, non-sintered metal that is easier to manufacture. These alloys lack the hardness needed to create a highly polished and scratch-resistant surface. Proper tungsten carbide formulations are required to create durable jewelry with polish and scratch-resistance.